Friday, September 22, 2017

PERIOSTITIS/(SHIN SPLINTS)


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Shin splints is the general name given to pain at the front of the lower leg. Shin splints is not a diagnosis in itself but a description of symptoms of which there could be a number of causes. The most common cause is inflammation of the periostium of the tibia (sheath surrounding the bone). Traction forces occur from the muscles of the lower leg on the periostium.

SYMPTOMS

  • Tenderness over the inside of the shin.
  • Lower leg pain.
  • Sometimes some swelling.
  • Lumps and bumps over the bone.
  • Pain when the toes or foot are bent downwards.
  • A redness over the inside of the shin.

WHAT CAN THE ATHLETE DO?

  • Rest
  • Cushion: Wear high cushion shoes and/or use shock absorbing insoles. Avoid running on hard surfaces, stick to grass and trails.
  • Maintain fitness with other non/partial weight bearing activities such as biking, swimming, aqua jogging and elliptical training.
  • Heat and use a heat retainer or shin and calf support after the initial acute stage and particularly before training. This can provide support and compression to the lower leg helping to reduce the strain on the muscles. It will also retain the body’s natural heat.
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